Susan Kuralt is an experienced paralegal in the New York City office of Phillips & Associates. She is dedicated to justice for workers and provides knowledgeable and careful assistance to the New York City employment attorneys at Phillips & Associates.
Ms. Kuralt graduated with honors and a Bachelor of Arts in Japanese from Washington University in St. Louis. She studied the Japanese language at Waseda University in Tokyo. She also received ESL instructor training at the International Institute of Boston. She earned an acting Master of Fine Arts in Theater Arts from Brandeis University.
Ms. Kuralt started out by working as a teaching assistant and then became an executive assistant. She served for four years as the administrative director of New York Insight Meditation Center and taught meditation classes. Her legal career began when she worked as a paralegal for a busy solo civil rights attorney for three years. She moved on to work for 12 years as a paralegal and administrator at civil rights firms. She is an experienced and highly effective paralegal.
Employment discrimination occurs when an employee is treated adversely due to his or her membership in a protected class. Federal, state, and local laws prohibit employment discrimination based on various characteristics. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, a federal law, prohibits discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religion, and sex. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) amended Title VII to include a prohibition against discrimination based on pregnancy, childbirth, and pregnancy-related conditions. The federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination based on a disability. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) prohibits discrimination based on age, if you are 40 or older.
Many federal anti-discrimination laws are enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). To bring a federal claim, you need to file a timely charge with the EEOC first. The federal anti-discrimination laws cover only mid-size and large employers. For instance, Title VII applies only to employers that have at least 15 employees. Damages are capped for claims brought under federal anti-discrimination laws; the cap is based on the size of the employer. Generally, greater protection is available under state or local laws.
There have been some recent changes to the New York State Human Rights Law that make it more favorable for plaintiffs. Historically, the law covered only employers with at least four employees. However, it now prohibits discrimination in workplaces of all sizes regarding creed, race, age, disability, marital status, military status, sex, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, and national origin.
Additionally, the standard for establishing hostile work environment harassment under the state law has been lowered, making it closer to the highly protective city law than federal law. To establish a claim under state law, you will need to show that the harassment subjected you to inferior terms, conditions, or privileges of employment.
The New York City Human Rights Law protects an even wider range of characteristics than the federal or state laws do. These protected characteristics include color, race, national origin, age, citizenship or alienage status, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, pregnancy, religion or creed, veteran status, arrest or conviction record, caregiver status, domestic violence victim status, credit history, pre-employment marijuana testing, unemployment status, sexual and reproductive health decisions, and salary history. The city law is intended to be construed broadly, and many consider it to be among the most liberal anti-discrimination laws in the nation.Retain a Seasoned Employment Attorney
There are important differences among federal, state, and local laws that make it important to consult an employment lawyer. Susan Kuralt provides excellent paralegal assistance to the attorneys at Phillips & Associates. If you have been mistreated in a New York City workplace, you should call us. The firm represents workers in Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island, as well as the surrounding areas. Call us at (212) 248-7431 or complete our online form.