Phillips & Associates

Criminal Conviction Discrimination During the Interview or Hiring Process

New York City Lawyers Dedicated to Asserting the Rights of Employees

In our legal system, serving a prison term is intended to function as punishment for a certain offense. For many individuals with criminal convictions, however, the discrimination they face after being released from prison or jail, or from simply having convictions on their record, can continue for quite some time after the incident is over or their time has been served. At Phillips & Associates, our employment discrimination attorneys have helped many New York City residents who have faced mistreatment during the hiring process based on a criminal record. You may be able to receive compensation from a company that acted wrongfully toward you.

Federal Legal Protections for Job Applicants with Criminal Records

Roughly 65 million U.S. residents currently have criminal records. Other studies show that over 90 percent of employers will ask to run a criminal history check on job applicants. These two figures create a lot of headaches for applicants who are otherwise qualified for a position. At the federal level, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prevents an employer from engaging in any type of employment discrimination, including decisions that extend to the hiring process.

Also, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has provided a number of guidance documents explaining to employers how they may lawfully identify applicants whose criminal records present an unreasonable risk. In determining whether an offense qualifies as presenting an unreasonable risk, the employer must evaluate:

  • The gravity and nature of the criminal offense or conduct;
  • The amount of time that has passed since the sentence or offense occurred; and
  • The nature of the job to be performed, including the location of the performance, the amount of supervision, and the level of interaction with other employees.

Additionally, the EEOC has advised employers to provide applicants with criminal records a chance to discuss any incidents and explain what happened, including any circumstances or information that may mitigate the situation.

State Laws Shielding Workers with Convictions

Under New York law, applicants also have a number of protections. There is a law prohibiting an employer with 10 or more employees from refusing to hire an applicant due to his or her criminal conviction, unless hiring the individual would pose an unreasonable risk to public or individual safety, or the conviction has a direct relationship to the job in question.

If an employer in the state wants to consider an applicant’s criminal conviction, the employer must examine at least eight different factors, including any information the applicant offers about rehabilitation efforts, the seriousness of the offense, the age of the applicant at the time of the offense, and the state policy encouraging hiring people who have been convicted of crimes.

Enlist an Employment Discrimination Attorney in New York City

If you believe that you may have been the victim of discrimination during an interview or at another stage in the hiring process, you may be entitled to compensation. At Phillips & Associates, our experienced lawyers have helped workers fight employment discrimination and wrongful termination throughout the five boroughs of New York City, including Manhattan, Queens, and the Bronx as well as in Westchester County and Long Island. We offer a free consultation, so you have nothing to lose. Call us at (212) 248-7431 or contact us online to set up your appointment.

45 Broadway, #620,
New York NY, 10006
Tel: 212-248-7431
Fax: 212-901-2107
Client Reviews
I was a client with this law firm. I can't stress enough how awesome and professional the people are here. Silvia & Erica made me feel so comfortable and welcome. I never had to guess anything. Anytime I call, emailed, or even texted. They were always there. If not they would get back to me as soon as possible. My case was not an easy situation for me but I tell you these guys made it seem like it was. I'm so glad that I use Phillip & Phillip. I thank you guys from the bottom of my heart. I am so grateful to have met such awesome, honest, and caring people. Thank you again. Djuana
I highly recommend Parisis (Gerry) Fillippatos with Phillips & Associates to represent you for employment related matters. He and his team were professional, attentive to every detail and brilliant at identifying the legal grounds to win the case. Parisis's communication and delivery were highly articulate and precise. He is personable and makes you feel comfortable in the maze of legal jargon. Finally, his confidence, perseverance and masterful negotiation skills deliver the win. Anonymous
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Mr. Phillips' law firm is dedicated to providing excellent service. Your case is explained step by step. All questions and concerns are addressed promptly and accurately. I am extremely satisfied and highly recommend Mr. Phillips. Ingrit