Phillips & Associates

Sexual Harassment Laws

Employment Attorneys Representing Workers in New York City

Workplace sexual harassment is a type of sex discrimination that violates federal, state, and local laws in New York. Generally, sexual harassment occurs when there is verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature in the workplace. However, the law that you should use to obtain redress depends on the particular circumstances of the harassment. There are certain remedies available by using one law that will not be available if you use another. Certain steps need to be followed when pursuing a remedy under Title VII that need not be followed when using the New York State Human Rights Law or the New York City Human Rights Law. Additionally, not every sexual harassment law applies to every New York City workplace. The employer's size matters. At Phillips & Associates, our New York City sexual harassment lawyers can provide knowledgeable counsel and representation to employees harmed by sexual harassment.

Federal Sexual Harassment Laws

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the federal law that prohibits sexual harassment as a kind of sex discrimination. Title VII only applies to employers that have a minimum of 15 employees, including federal, state, and local governments. If your employer only has 14 employees, you cannot pursue relief under Title VII.

Under Title VII, sexual harassment can take the form of hostile work environment harassment or quid pro quo harassment. The former includes any conduct of a sexual nature, including words, signs, jokes, physical violence, or pranks, that are directed toward you due to your sex. The latter, quid pro quo harassment, occurs when your continued employment is conditioned on sexual submission of some sort. If you face either of these types of sexual harassment and want to pursue damages under Title VII, you will need to file a charge with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

You can recover a range of damages under Title VII, but it is important to realize that these damages will be capped based on the size of your employer.

State Sexual Harassment Laws

The provisions of the New York State Human Rights Law that prohibit sexual harassment apply to every employer in New York City, even though the law generally applies to employers with a minimum of four employees. Under the New York State Human Rights Law, the types of sexual harassment are the same. There are many similarities to Title VII. For example, under the New York State Human Rights Law, sexual harassment can occur between men and women or between people of the same sex, and sexual harassment due to an employee being transgender is also illegal.

However, there are also important differences. For example, while you can recover punitive damages under federal or local law, you cannot recover punitive damages under state law. However, there is no cap on the amount of compensatory damages that you may be able to recover.

New York City Laws

The New York City Human Rights Law is more expansive than federal or state anti-discrimination laws, and it also prohibits sexual harassment. Unlike with the state law, you can recover punitive damages under this law. There are no caps on damages.

It has one of the broadest anti-retaliation provisions of any law in the country. If you complained about workplace sexual harassment, and an adverse action was taken against you, you may have a basis to sue under the New York City Human Rights Law. You only need to have a good-faith reasonable belief that you were sexually harassed and experience an adverse action as a result in order to state a claim for retaliation. In other words, even if the court rules against you on the sexual harassment and finds that you were not sexually harassed, if you had a good-faith belief and were terminated or denied a promotion, or faced another adverse consequence, you may have a strong basis to recover damages for retaliation.

Consult an Experienced New York City Lawyer for Your Harassment Claim

If you have been sexually harassed on the job, you may feel overwhelmed, afraid, and humiliated. However, you likely have options. Our New York City attorneys are sensitive to how painful it is to be sexually harassed and can advise you on your options for legal recourse if you have had to deal with violations of sexual harassment laws in the workplace. Call us at (212) 248-7431 or contact us via our online form for a free consultation. Our attorneys fight employment discrimination in the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, and Manhattan, as well as in Nassau, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties and in New Jersey.

PHILLIPS & ASSOCIATES
45 Broadway, #620,
New York NY, 10006
Tel: 212-248-7431
Fax: 212-901-2107
Client Reviews
★★★★★
Hands down the best law firm for labor disputes in NYC. Being in the restaurant industry for more than 30 years I can say that this law firm is the number one choice for workers in the restaurant business that need to sue their company for wrongful termination. A special compliment to my lawyer Brittany Stevens. An amazing person and well prepared experienced lawyer. She was professional and empathetic to my case and worked in a time appropriate manner. She never miss a phone call at any hour of the day.The other associates that assisted Brittany were Yusha Hiraman, Eugenio Benvenuto, Kevin Guaranda and Katerina Housos. They were all professional and answered any questions or concerns that I had. Brittany and her team helped me with what I needed, when I needed it. I want to thank them all (especially Brittany), for a job well done. Massimo
★★★★★
Jesse Weinstein handled my discrimination case. He was extremely patient and understanding throughout the process and remained professional and consistent even when I could not. I really felt like he had my back and I didn't have to worry. His expertise, combined with the experience of the Firm, resulted in the best possible outcome of my case. Although I wouldn't wish what I went through on anyone, things do and always will happen and I would highly recommend Jesse and this Firm to anyone facing discrimination or other workplace issues. Karen
★★★★★
I was a client with this law firm. I can't stress enough how awesome and professional the people are here. Silvia & Erica made me feel so comfortable and welcome. I never had to guess anything. Anytime I call, emailed, or even texted. They were always there. If not they would get back to me as soon as possible. My case was not an easy situation for me but I tell you these guys made it seem like it was. I'm so glad that I use Phillip & Phillip. I thank you guys from the bottom of my heart. I am so grateful to have met such awesome, honest, and caring people. Thank you again. Djuana
★★★★★
I highly recommend Parisis (Gerry) Fillippatos with Phillips & Associates to represent you for employment related matters. He and his team were professional, attentive to every detail and brilliant at identifying the legal grounds to win the case. Parisis's communication and delivery were highly articulate and precise. He is personable and makes you feel comfortable in the maze of legal jargon. Finally, his confidence, perseverance and masterful negotiation skills deliver the win. Anonymous
★★★★★
I had an excellent experience with this team! Thanks, Marjorie, Brittany, and Candy for your great support and prompt answers to all my questions. I highly recommend this firm. This team works very hard and I am extremely happy with the results. Ana